Complete Guide to a Substance Abuse Counselor Degree Online
Also known as addiction and behavioral disorder counselors, substance abuse counselors help people with problem behaviors. They may specialize in helping people with a disorder, such as alcoholism drug use, gambling, or an eating disorder. It's common for substance abuse counselors to work with a particular client population, such as teenagers or those facing acute behavioral crises. The goal of the counselor is to help patients get on a path where they no longer are controlled by their addictions and are able to lead productive lives. It's a career that takes patience, understanding, and perseverance.
As you research your options for online substance abuse counseling degree programs, it's recommended that you choose a program that is offered by an accredited school. Accredited schools must meet established academic standards set by independent agencies, to ensure students receive an adequate education. The US Department of Education provides a database of accrediting agencies as well as accredited schools. Read More
Comprehensive List of Online Colleges & Universities for a Substance Abuse Counseling Degree
Overview of Available Online Substance Abuse Degrees
During the course of treatment, substance abuse counselors may evaluate a patient's condition, identify causes and triggers of the abuse, develop a treatment plan or course of action, and help the patient develop positive behaviors and routines that avoid the abused substance. They may also coordinate social services for the patient and meet with the patient's family and friends to ensure that they are assisting with the recovery process. In the course of carrying out these job responsibilities, substance abuse counselors meet and talk with patients frequently, either in an individual or group setting.
Some substance abuse counselors work with individuals who have been sentenced by a court to complete a rehabilitation program; they may need to incorporate the court's ruling into the length or nature of the treatment. As part of the treatment plan, counselors help clients develop coping mechanisms to deal with troubling situations that could cause a relapse in their behavior. Some counselors diagnose and treat patients, while others focus on helping patients find useful community resources.
A bachelor's degree is the minimum requirement to become a substance abuse counselor in many states; others require a master's. In the undergraduate program, students study alcohol and drug use, counseling skills, group counseling, and pharmacology. Fieldwork experience is also required. The master's degree is required to earn a counseling license in most states. This degree requires two years of coursework as well as an internship. If you're interested in conducting intensive research into the physiological and psychological aspects of addiction, a doctoral degree would be appropriate.
Students of substance abuse counseling study the symptoms and causes of chemical dependency and are trained to provide clinical support for those suffering from addiction. To qualify for a bachelor's program, applicants must typically have a high school diploma, a strong high school GPA, qualifying scores on college entrance exams, and letters of recommendation. Most bachelor's degrees can be earned within four years, though some schools offer accelerated programs. To graduate, students are expected to complete about 120 to 133 semester credit hours.
Schools often require students to complete general study classes in English and the humanities, science, math, and the social sciences prior to enrolling in core courses. Most substance abuse counseling programs include courses in various topics of psychology and clinical counseling, including psychopathology, pharmacology, diagnosis of addiction, counseling and human service laws, ethics in clinical work, and assorted counseling methods for specific demographics (e.g., youth and families). In some cases, online schools offer students the chance to attempt in-person counseling through supervised practicums. During a practicum, students work in the same capacity as a fully employed counselor or assistant counselor within a mental health facility. This can be a great way for seniors to gain work experience prior to graduation.
Most students of addiction counseling specifically pursue their degree to become substance abuse counselors. While a bachelor's degree may be enough to find a job, each state has its own employment standards for counselors. Some states only ask that job applicants have a high school diploma, while others require master's degrees. Be sure to review the educational requirements of the state you wish to work in before deciding on a degree.
Applicants to a graduate degree program in substance abuse counseling must hold a bachelor's degree. Some schools will only consider prospective learners who have achieved a minimum grade point average in their undergraduate studies. Colleges or universities will ask to see official transcripts, a resume, and GRE scores. A 30-credit program can be completed in two years of full-time study.
Students enrolled in this type of program can expect to take courses in principles of theories of psychotherapy, group counseling, counseling and advocacy with diverse populations, ethics and legal issues in counseling, lifespan development, diagnosis and assessment, and group dynamics. The program may include one or more courses in research methodology. Depending on the concentration chosen, the master's degree program also includes specialization courses in subjects such as human sexuality, interventions, cultural factors in public health, mental health law, vicarious trauma and compassion fatigue, and child and adolescent counseling. The program may also include an internship.
Graduates from a master's degree program in substance abuse counseling can work in a number of settings, including community agencies providing addiction and mental health services or rehabilitation centers. Some graduates choose to go into private practice, while others work at schools, universities, correctional facilities, or inpatient or outpatient treatment centers.
The PhD program in substance abuse counseling prepares graduates to counsel patients and rehabilitate them from behavioral disorders. Candidates must have a master's degree in a psychology, counseling, or health area to be accepted into a doctoral program in substance abuse counseling. These programs require three to five years of coursework along with a clinical internship and dissertation.
The curriculum in the doctoral degree requires students to perform classroom work, clinical work, and research. Substance abuse coursework discusses topics like treating addiction, interviewing patients, diagnosis, human growth and development, adolescent treatment, psychopharmacology, and more. To complete the dissertation and clinical internship, it is common for students to work in a residential or outpatient substance abuse facility. Students work under the guidance of an experienced practitioner to treat patients. The dissertation is a lengthy report based on this clinical experience or research.
Professionals with doctoral degrees can sit for state licensure exams that are required to work as licensed psychologists or counselors. This certification allows graduates to use particular professional titles and to work independently. Substance abuse counselors are employed in outpatient substance abuse treatment centers, residential rehabilitation facilities, individual and family social services, state and local government agencies, and hospitals.
Substance abuse counseling certification programs will generally require that students have a high school diploma or equivalent to get into the program; however, some do not have educational requirements, and others will also require some experience in the field. Due to the various certification degrees available, the length of the degree will vary, although it will average about two years, and will include anywhere from 20 to 60 course units.
Substance abuse counselors have an important role in the health and well-being of others, and their coursework will reflect that responsibility. Common courses to expect include history of drug abuse, psychology of addiction, physiological effects of drugs, criminology and drug use, individual and group counseling, treatment and motivation, continuing care, and depression and chemical dependence. Along with required courses, most certifications will require 150 or more hours of on-site training or instruction. These hours will vary depending on the state in which you want to practice, however, certification will not be complete without in-the-field hours logged.
In addition to certification, most substance abuse counselors will need to be licensed by their state board before they can practice as a counselor. Certification is substantial enough for many jobs, but additional formal education cannot hurt your job opportunities. Most substance abuse counselors work in hospitals or other healthcare facilities that provide care for those with drug and other addictions.
While it's possible to work in the field of substance abuse counseling without an accredited degree, attending an accredited program or school will benefit you in many ways. Accrediting agencies carefully assess a school or program's ability to provide a high-quality education by reviewing its curricula, faculty members, student resources, and student outcomes. Choosing one of these accredited schools can help you feel confident that you are investing in a worthwhile education program that will be recognized by future employers, licensing boards, other accredited schools, and student financial aid agencies.
The Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs (CACREP) accredits various types of graduate-level counseling degree programs, and several regional accrediting agencies accredit entire institutions that offer substance abuse counseling degrees. Both programmatic and institutional accreditation are acceptable as long as the accrediting agencies are officially recognized by either the US Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Please visit Guide to Online Schools' accreditation hub for more information about accreditation.
In addition to receiving a solid foundation in psychology, counseling theory, and addiction patterns, students will learn to provide both individual and group counseling in a substance abuse counseling program. They will also learn about community treatment resources so that they will be able to refer their clients to additional services and facilities outside their realm. Students will also learn about advocacy for increasing the funding and support of the programs they are aligned with. Another avenue of training for most students will be to work as a volunteer at a hospital or a rehabilitation clinic. This provides students with valuable experience and a realistic perspective of what to expect when they are employed as a counselor. Students should contact local addiction counseling groups and inquire about their volunteer opportunities.
The following courses are commonly required in substance abuse degrees and certificate programs:
- Addictive Behaviors: This course provides students with an overview of what causes addictions and the consequences that can result from addictive behavior. It also introduces some of the theories of prevention and treatment being practiced today.
- Cognitive Neuroscience: Students will learn the basics of cognition with regard to memory, executive functions, emotion, and how people make decisions. Gaining a better understanding of how the brain functions will help substance abuse counseling students understand the physical mechanisms occurring behind the addictions.
- Developmental Psychology: An introduction to developmental psychology teaches students about cognitive development, language and motor skill acquisition, moral reasoning and empathy, and social development.
- Group Counseling: Students will explore the theories and techniques of group counseling, different group counseling styles, and ethical responsibilities for group counselors.
- Psychopathology: An introduction to psychopathology teaches students about the causes of mental illness and the ways in which mental illness can manifest itself in people's behaviors.
Unlike many other positions in the healthcare field, becoming a substance abuse counselor doesn't necessarily require a postsecondary degree. Many counselors are able to find work in group counseling positions with a high school diploma or a GED and certification. This doesn't mean that a degree isn't helpful; earning a bachelor's degree will make you much more attractive to prospective employers and exponentially increase your earning power over the course of your career. As for what kind of degree you'll need, that often varies according to state, employing institution, or position. At the bachelor's level, good communication skills can be mastered in a variety of disciplines. In addition to psychology, other good majors include nursing and sociology. This is a great jumping-off point for aspiring counselors.
The types of treatment and services you can offer as a substance abuse counselor will depend on the state in which you live. The education requirements for addiction treatment specialists vary from state to state. In some states, counselors with only a high school diploma or certificate can provide certain services to clients. In other states, a bachelor's degree in substance abuse counseling prepares graduates to earn a state substance abuse license. Some employers may require or prefer particular professional certifications, like those offered through The Association for Addiction Professionals. In many states, to diagnose and treat people with behavioral disorders, you will need to earn a master's degree or higher in counseling and complete 2,000-4,000 hours of fieldwork under the supervision of an experienced counselor. For information on the training requirements in your state, check out the National Board for Certified Counselors or the Addiction Technology Transfer Center Network.
- American Counseling Association. Accessed May 8, 2014. http://www.counseling.org.
- Association for Addiction Professionals. Accessed May 8, 2014. http://www.naadac.org.
- CACREP. Accessed October 9, 2014. http://www.cacrep.org.
- National Board of Certified Counselors. Accessed May 8, 2014. http://www.attcnetwork.org/find/certinfo/index.asp.
- Occupational Outlook Handbook. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the US Department of Labor. Accessed May 8, 2014. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/substance-abuse-and-behavioral-disorder-counselors.htm.
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