Complete Guide to Online Educational Leadership Programs
The 553 online educational leadership degrees on this page prepare students to become department heads at elementary and secondary schools, principals and vice principals in elementary and secondary schools, and academic deans at institutions of higher education. Teachers and counselors may also benefit from educational leadership degrees, which can provide additional training for them to be successful in the classroom; advanced online educational leadership degrees can also improve advancement opportunities within the education system significantly.
Students are encouraged to select an educational leadership program that has been accredited by either the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC) or the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). These agencies are recognized by the US Department of Education as reputable, independent accrediting agencies that enforce high academic standards. Read More
Comprehensive List of Schools for an Online Educational Leadership Degree (191)
Overview of Available Online Educational Leadership Degrees
Educational leadership is a vital component of today's education system, which is in the midst of being reorganized and revamped to better suit the needs of today's students and economy. Most educational leadership degree holders already have experience as teachers or school counselors of some kind and are interested in advancing to positions that are higher up within the school or school district. In some cases, especially in terms of educational leaders at community colleges and universities, talented students can train to go directly into educational leadership positions.
Educational leadership degree programs exist solely at the graduate level. A master's or doctorate in educational leadership can lead to careers as a school principal, superintendent, policymaker, or college education professor. Most programs require that applicants have a valid teaching license and several years of experience as a teacher. These degrees cover topics like school improvement, instructional supervision, administration, curriculum development, and human resources. Some programs can lead to licensure as a school administrator. Students may be required to take part in a leadership internship in a school or on an education board.
The skills emphasized by educational leadership degree programs go beyond basic leadership and management techniques. Specific courses in the program range from school law and ethics to finance and budgeting. Many courses target curriculum development and instructional training. Additionally, more and more programs are incorporating diversity studies into their curricula. Communication skills, managing community relations, and evaluation techniques are important components of any program.
Master’s degrees in educational leadership are designed for current educators who plan to take up leadership positions in the field of education. Courses emphasize the development of leadership and organizational skills, and students build a broad range of competencies to help them become effective educators. Programs require completion of 33 to 45 credits, which takes two years.
As with most degree programs, the exact admission requirements for a master's degree program in educational leadership vary from one school to the next. In general, however, applicants are typically required to have a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, submit evidence of teaching experience in a school setting, and hold a current state teaching certificate. Other requirements vary, but may include letters of recommendation from previous instructors or employers, transcripts of any previous graduate-level coursework, or Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) scores. As always, it is best to speak to an advisor or the admissions office of your chosen school to learn about specific requirements.
The master's curriculum is comprised of theory, research, and practical experience. Programs allow students to gain a comprehensive understanding of theories that inform practice in school administration. Areas covered by the curriculum include academic leadership, collaborative leadership, curriculum design and development, diversity and educational leadership, educational law, fiscal and human resource management, instructional improvement and assessment, leadership and change, legal and ethical aspects of leadership, organizational behavior, school management and improvement, strategic planning and systematic evaluation, and technology leadership for administrators.
Students are required to complete a capstone project that involves comprehensive research. Master’s degree programs also typically integrate internship experiences throughout the program. Through such field-based projects, students gain firsthand experience of various issues in educational administration.
Doctoral degree programs in educational leadership prepare students to become successful leaders and scholars in the educational field. Programs equip students with theoretical knowledge and practical skills to effectively manage the challenges in today’s complex educational setting. Areas of emphasis in doctoral degree programs include diversity, ethics, leadership, policy, and research. Applicants are required to hold a master’s degree in educational leadership or a related degree. Leadership experience in a school setting is also vital. To earn the doctoral degree, you must complete 60 credits, which takes approximately three to four years.
Areas of emphasis during doctoral training include curriculum development, educational governance and policy, organizational theory, program evaluation, and research. The coursework covers areas such as assessment and evaluation strategies, classroom management, curriculum design, educational administration, ethical and legal issues in education, human resources and professional development, leadership theory and management, leading innovation technology, organizational theory and behavior, policy, politics, and community relations, reform and innovation, and training and performance solutions.
Concentration areas in doctoral degree programs include educational planning and instructional leadership. Students are required to engage in research throughout the program, which allows them to develop competencies in research design, data collection, analysis, and reporting of research studies. Upon completion of doctoral coursework, students are required to take a comprehensive exam. Doctoral degree programs also require students to complete an independent research study and write a dissertation, which must be defended publicly.
The certificate program in educational leadership trains those with an education background in the administrative and decision making abilities to take on roles such as principal, school superintendent, or instructional coordinator. These programs usually take a year or less to complete and consist of 6 to 10 courses. Applicants need an accredited master’s degree in an education or teaching field, as well as professional teaching experience.
The curriculum in the educational leadership certificate discusses the business and administrative aspects of leading in education. Courses like school finance, school law, and personnel administration train students in the ins and outs of keeping a school running smoothly and efficiently. Other courses investigate the school’s relationship with the community, instructional development, and ways to apply research principles to school administration. Most programs require a practicum or internship experience, where students shadow a principal or another school administrator to see the challenges and practices related to these positions.
Graduates of accredited educational leadership certificate programs are in a good position to take their state’s school administrator licensing exam in order to qualify for an elementary, middle, or high school principal position. Others can go on to become instructional coordinators who help to develop teaching standards for schools. Other possible positions include public service, research, and policy roles in government agencies or non-profit education organizations.
A career in educational leadership generally means taking a position as a manager within an education system, either as a principal, assistant principal, academic dean, or as a department or district administrator. People who pursue this career field often have experience working directly with students as teachers, but that is not a requirement. It is necessary, however, that educational leaders have an interest in providing the highest-quality education available to the students they oversee.
Depending on which position an educational administrator takes on, he or she may be responsible for an entire school or school system, or they may handle one specific administrative area like budget, policy, or human resources. In a higher education setting at a college or university, the responsibilities of administrators are often even more far-reaching, including student housing and life services. Positions in this field can be very rewarding but require a significant amount of effort and commitment from the people who take them on. Many education leaders regularly work more than 40 hours a week, as well as on weekends and holidays.
Here are some of the educational leadership positions students may choose to pursue upon graduation:
- Administration: Administrators at all levels are responsible for the overall management of educational systems and usually oversee multiple schools within a central district.
- Elementary Education: Working primarily as principals and vice principals, leaders at this level ensure that elementary schools meet all state and national requirements and serve the needs of younger students.
- Postsecondary Education: Usually educational leaders at this level are called department heads, chairs, or deans; they may manage anything from student services to specific academic departments.
- Preschool and Child Care: Leaders in this field manage daycare centers and other pre-kindergarten facilities.
- Secondary Education: Secondary school leaders manage junior and senior high schools, often dealing with larger systems than lower-level education administrators.
Most people who currently work in educational leadership got there by first working as teachers or in other positions working directly with students. To work as a teacher, a bachelor's degree is almost always a minimum requirement. As such, people who decide to advance their career by working at an administrative level usually go on to pursue master's degrees to qualify for those positions. Administrators who manage and operate preschool and childcare facilities are the exception to this rule, as they often need only a bachelor's degree. However, for most elementary and secondary school principals and assistant principals, an accredited master's degree in educational leadership or administration is necessary. Central office administrators at this level also hold master's degrees and sometimes doctoral degrees, as well.
Most states require school principals to achieve certification, for which they usually need to pass an exam and obtain a master's degree from an accredited institution. Increasingly, schools require a period of mentoring for new leaders, as well, and many also require administrators to take continuing education courses throughout their careers. In many cases, a graduate degree can suffice, while other states require exams that are specific to educational administration. Checking a state's Department of Education website can help a candidate find the exact requirements.
For those interested in working at institutions of higher education, similar degree requirements apply. More candidates for these positions have achieved PhDs in their own academic field, educational administration, or both; almost all have achieved master's degree at least. However, state regulations do not usually apply to postsecondary education administrators, so no exams or certifications are needed.
Most states require elementary and secondary education administrators to have a master's degree from an accredited institution, so it is recommended that students select an online educational leadership program that is recognized by the US Department of Education (USDE) or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Accreditation helps guarantee that colleges and universities meet high academic standards and offer students an education that utilizes the most current research and information. It also enables students to transfer credits among other accredited schools and apply for financial aid.
The USDE recognizes accrediting agencies, such as TEAC and NCATE, for the programmatic accreditation of educational leadership programs. Students can search the USDE database or the CHEA database for accredited programs and schools.
- Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Accessed June 10, 2014. http://www.chea.org/search/default.asp.
- Elementary, Middle, and High School Principals. Occupational Outlook Handbook. Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor. Accessed June 10, 2014. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/elementary-middle-and-high-school-principals.htm.
- Postsecondary Education Administrators. Occupational Outlook Handbook. Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor. Accessed June 10, 2014. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/postsecondary-education-administrators.htm.
- Preschool and Childcare Center Directors. Postsecondary Education Administrators. Occupational Outlook Handbook. Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor. Accessed June 10, 2014. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/preschool-and-childcare-center-directors.htm.
- US Department of Education. Accessed June 10, 2014. http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation.