Complete Guide to Online Art & Design Degrees
Online art schools offer degree programs for both fine art and applied art disciplines. Examples of fine art degree programs include painting, illustration, or sculpture. Applied art programs also apply art principles to more traditionally commercial pursuits such as architecture, graphic design, and film production. Art and design degrees are availalbe at all levels: certificate, associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctorate.
The National Association of Schools of Art and Design is an important accrediting body for online art and design programs. Students should also investigate accrediting groups for the specific art or design program they are interested in. For example, the National Architecture Accrediting Board accredits architecture degrees. Although not all art institutions pursue accreditation, selecting an accredited program can help ensure you receive quality instruction. Read More
Comprehensive List of Online Colleges & Universities for a Art & Design Degree
Overview of Available Online Art & Design Degrees
Online certificates in art usually focus on one aspect of applied art, while associate and bachelor's degrees are available in fine arts and additional applied fields. Those with a technical bent can study basic graphic design, photography, or web design in an online certificate or associate degree program. Those seeking an online bachelor's degree will find more art and design areas to choose from, such as architecture, advertising, graphic design, or fine arts.
The Master of Fine Arts (MFA) traditionally covers the techniques of a particular art discipline at an advanced level. MFAs are available in graphic design, illustration, photography, and a variety of other disciplines. Master's programs are also available in art education or administration. Online doctoral degree areas are based around a dissertation project, where students delve into an even deeper study of their particular art. In these programs, students are expected to use their understanding of art and research to create new knowledge in their field. Doctorate programs are more common for design areas such as industrial design or graphic design.
An associate degree in art and design is a two-year degree program that provides the basic postsecondary education for the disciplines of art and design. It also acts as half of a bachelor's degree and typically covers 60 to 72 credits. Because the courses required for an associate degree can be found through community colleges as well as four-year universities, it can be beneficial to gain this starter's degree for lower cost and apply it to an entry-level position in an art and design career.
Foundational associate degree courses such as design theory or introduction to design provide a background for careers in art and art-related disciplines. More specific electives will cover design elements such as color, shape and layout, and perspective, each of which might be presented as its own course. Graphic design or industrial design degrees often include courses in computer animation or architectural drafting. In order to gain a more in-depth perspective on careers in the arts, students will most likely need to seek a higher degree, an internship, or an apprenticeship in their intended field of work.
Most careers in the arts require a minimum of either a high school diploma or a bachelor's degree. For this reason, the associate degree in art and design is often used as a stepping stone toward a bachelor's degree, opening additional opportunities for careers in graphic design, industrial design, interior design, animation, or web design. Graduates who have developed an impressive portfolio during their pursuit of an associate degree may be able to find a job in interior decorating or floral design, both of which are based more on experience and skill than on education.
If you are interested in pursuing a career in art and design, a bachelor's degree can be a viable path. Bachelor's degrees in art and design can be found in the college of the arts or in the department of fine arts. They typically take four years to complete, although some students compress that time by taking additional credits each term, or extend it to five or even six years by studying only part-time or in order to complete multiple majors or accommodate work or family commitments.
Online undergraduate arts programs usually have the standard admissions requirements of a high school diploma or GED, SAT/ACT scores, letters of recommendation, and personal statements. Competitive programs may require that students submit a portfolio of artwork.
In addition to a general art and design program, many schools offer such majors as advertising and commercial art, architecture, computer animation, fashion design, graphic design, interior design, visual communication, andweb design. Students in art and design bachelor's programs often have some flexibility in developing a course plan that may be necessary for their intended careers. These classes could include visual marketing, consumer psychology, or even a hands-on landscaping intensive. Along with their chosen electives, all art and design students can expect to take the following courses: introduction to design, drawing, shape and color/visual elements, art history (either general or pertaining to a specific era), and design technology.
The academic requirement for many art and design positions is usually a bachelor's degree, but candidates must also demonstrate talent and experience. Most students who complete a bachelor's degree program will graduate with a polished portfolio, which can also be useful for finding a job. Advanced art and design professions, such as art direction or administration, will usually require applicants to have a master's degree or some professional certification beyond an undergraduate degree.
Students in an MFA program typically devote one to three years taking studio and theory courses while also working on a thesis project. Master's programs in art and design can be completed in both professionally oriented areas as well as fine arts. The degrees can provide the necessary training to seek professional licensure, along with the opportunity to develop a compelling art portfolio. Students can pursue these degrees in more than a dozen areas, such as advertising, animation, architecture, video game design, graphic design, and web design.
Master's degrees in art and design are much more variable in course content and requirements than undergraduate degrees. These programs may include anywhere from 36 to 72 semester credits, as well as a significant amount of hands-on studio work. The structure of the thesis—a large, unified, finished work—will depend on the degree's focus. For example, painting students might be required to paint a complete work of visual art, while a graphic design student might develop a series of advertisements for a particular product.
Online art and design programs in areas such as illustration, painting, or fashion design may require students to scan and upload their work for their professor's critique. Some online art and design degrees, such as those in architecture or interior design, require that students travel to campus to participate in seminars and design labs.
Graduates can use the master's credential to qualify for advanced positions in creative businesses and design firms; others can use the degree to further develop their artistic mission in order to create works of art for sale or display. Graduates who enter more commercial areas of art and design can qualify for supervisory or leadership positions with the master's degree.
Doctorate degrees in art and design are appropriate for students with a strong passion for art, design, and research; they challenge students and broaden their vision of art and design. A PhD provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the art and design industry as a whole and a chance to express themselves through their own artwork.
Obtaining a PhD in art and design opens many doors by offering a variety of career options and by helping graduates establish themselves in the art community. As doctorate programs tend to focus on technical areas of design, they usually require a relevant bachelor's or master's degree, as well as GRE scores and letters of recommendation.
Typical PhD programs take between five and six years to complete, depending on the individual students and the amount of time they are able to put into their coursework and their dissertation. Earning a PhD requires a great deal of time; not only will students need to complete all of the required courses and credits necessary to graduate from the program, but each student is required to write a dissertation about a specific topic within their field of study.
A dissertation is an extremely lengthy paper that allows students to showcase how well they know the subject that they have been studying. After writing the dissertation, they must defend what they have written in front of a group of faculty members in order to graduate from the program. Online PhD programs may require students to visit campus, as they typically require a lot of research from scholarly sources in libraries, as well as meetings with faculty members.
Certificate programs in art and design can help boost students' professionalism, as well as their innate skills. Most certificates are obtained within 6 to 12 months and require the completion of 28 to 30 credit hours. High school graduates and those who've obtained a GED are eligible for enrollment.
Certificate programs in art and design typically vary by area of specialty. All students can expect to learn the basic principles of art-related industries, specifically graphic design, and are required to combine this information with fine arts elective courses. Many schools also allow individuals to complete classes that help them gain an understanding of jewelry design, computer graphics, photography, and interior design. Core topics that are usually discussed include digital animation, drawing and painting, technical graphics, color theory, 3-D presentations, and computer-aided drafting. Some individuals are also awarded internship opportunities that allow them to gain real-world experience in their prospective field.
Prospective students seeking an art and design degree should consider choosing an online school that has received accreditation from the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD) or another legitimate accrediting agency. When colleges and universities go through the accreditation process, they are carefully evaluated by independent agencies to ensure that they meet high standards in terms of their curricula, faculty, and student resources.
Although it's still possible to receive a quality education from a school that has not been accredited, accreditation will allow you to transfer credits among other accredited institutions and to utilize any federal student loan or grant assistance you might be eligible for.
Accrediting agencies should be recognized by either the US Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Please visit Guide to Online Schools' comprehensive accreditation hub for more information.
Computer animation is the process of making motion images using logarithms and templates. Computer animators use technology to create animated images for a variety of purposes. Both 2-D animation and 3-D animation is used within this industry. Computer-generated imagery, or CGI, is also a term widely used to refer to this type of animation.
Computer animation can be use in artistic design, story development, video game development, web design, advertising, TV, film, and project management. Computer animators are in especially high demand within media professions. Creative people who love art, storytelling, and the technology can find a successful career in this field. Computer animation is also highly competitive, so finding the appropriate degree from a good school is necessary.
Students of any computer animation degree program should have a portfolio and demo reel by the time they complete their degree. A portfolio is a collection of work samples that demonstrates the skills of an individual. Potential employers will want to look at a portfolio to assess an applicant’s knowledge of computer animation.
Certificate programs in animation only require a short time investment. They are intended for people who have already earned a degree in a related field. Students are taught up-to-date animation techniques with hands-on education and use of common video software programs such as 3-D Studio Max, Mudbox, Blender, Flash, and Premier Pro.
Associate degree programs in computer animation give a more in-depth education then a certificate program. Such programs teach the fundamentals of animation. Students learn techniques in 3-D modeling and animation used in film. Students generally learn other related subjects, such as entertainment law, story development, and communications. Both associate and certificate programs in computer animation art great for people who want to work in web animation.
Bachelor's degree programs in computer animation give a broader, more specialized education in this field. Bachelor's students take classes in animation theory, drawing and design, and 3-D production, and they learn the technical aspects behind direction. Students who want a career in film animation or other types of complex careers in computer animation should consider taking a program at this level.
Advanced degrees in computer animation include master’s- and doctorate-level degrees. These programs are intended for students who wish to become high-quality animators and need to learn about computer languages, graphics, storyboarding, and technology developments. Students often complete defense coursework, like original animations and group projects.
While the admission requirements for computer animation will vary depending on the school, students can expect to submit grade transcripts, standardized test scores, and letters of recommendation in their application. Many art schools will also require students to submit a portfolio or demo reel of previous work, especially if they have prior education or experience.
There are no agencies that accredit computer animation degree programs specifically, but students should still look for schools and programs that are regionally or nationally accredited by proper authorities. Many agencies that accredit technology schools will accredit computer animation degree programs. Students looking to transfer credits should especially make sure they attend an accredited school.
When selecting a certificate or degree program, students should consider what their career goals are and the requirements they need to meet in order to achieve them. Most people who earn a certificate or associate degree in computer animation will find work as a web developer and other similar careers. Those who wish to work in film or careers that are more complicated should consider earning a bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree.
Fashion design and merchandising is an immensely creative field that takes a considerable deal of time, discipline, and persistence to pursue. Individuals who know how to combine aesthetics with marketing can find this career very rewarding. You should consider entering this industry if you have a growing interest in outlining designs for garments and accessories, publicly promoting various retail items, and augmenting details that are particularly appealing to potential customers.
Formal training in fashion design and merchandising comes in a variety of levels and is generally offered at traditional schools or online colleges. Those who are seeking management or administrative positions are encouraged to obtain advanced degrees that demonstrate their expertise to employers.
Certificates and associate degree programs in fashion design and merchandising are designed to introduce students to fundamental concepts and techniques in the field. The skills that students learn prepare them for entry-level jobs in both the fashion and retail markets. Common topics that are often emphasized include fashion merchandise buying, retail principles, visual merchandising, textile science, selling strategies, product knowledge, design and color theory, and merchandising math.
Similarly, bachelor's degree programs aim to help students lay the foundation for a gratifying career in this area. Students gain basic knowledge about fashion's history and current trends, how to position apparel in retail settings, and helpful business-related theories. The course material covers a wide range of subjects, such as budgeting, licensing issues, public speaking, stock control, inventory planning, brand power, distribution strategies, and product assortment. Some programs also provide work-study opportunities or internships that give students exposure to the fashion merchandising industry and equip them with hands-on training.
Master's degree programs are typically the highest level of education that individuals can obtain in this field, although some people opt to pursue doctoral degrees in fashion marketing or human ecology with a concentration on apparel, textiles, or merchandising. Advanced training in fashion merchandising leads graduates to careers in management and technical operations. Many graduates also opt to enter professions in postsecondary teaching or research-related positions. Coursework includes global marketing techniques, product evaluation, marketing research in the fashion industry, and fashion distribution management.
High school students who express an interest in continuing their education in fashion design and merchandising are urged to take relevant courses during their secondary training. Enrollment guidelines for most certificate and undergraduate degree programs include a high GPA and good results on SAT or ACT scores. Competitive programs may also require letters of recommendation and a portfolio at this level. Those who are interested in master's degree programs in this field are typically asked to present statements of purpose, reference letters, undergraduate transcripts, and portfolios. Schools usually prefer candidates with a GPA of at least a 3.0 as well.
The majority of degree programs in fashion design and merchandising are similar regardless of the learning style involved. Online students are usually able to complete exams and assignments entirely over the Internet throughout the course of their studies. The inclusion of various seminar-style classes doesn't interfere with their need to study independently.
Going to an accredited school can mean the difference in obtaining the job you deserve and failing to meet employers' expectations. It's important to check the legitimacy of an academic institution to avoid any stumbling blocks that may appear on your journey after graduation. Keep in mind that most of the leading schools in fashion design and merchandising are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design.
Film and TV jobs are highly visible, highly coveted positions in the creative, professional world. TV and film unite people from all walks of life, and those who are involved in creating new films have the chance to exercise enormous creative control in one of the highest-salaried businesses in the world. Producers help write, cast, design, create, and edit films and TV shows. They also comprise the business component of the TV and film industries, and to prepare for these careers students can choose to earn associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Producers work all over the world, but are concentrated in high productivity centers like Hollywood, London, New York, India, and Paris.
An associate degree in film and TV production can be completed at a community college or through an online program. Associate degrees take only two years to earn, but their efficacy on the job market is minimal. Most graduates find that further education is required to get even entry-level jobs in this highly competitive arena. However, students will get an introduction to digital technology and art, basic filming techniques, directing, screenwriting, and casting. The real value of an associate degree is that it can be transferred to a four-year university, where students can earn bachelor's degrees.
A bachelor's degree in film and TV production is the best way to begin a career in the industry. Students will have a chance to build a foundation in all of the basics, truly understanding how the art of filmmaking meets the business of filmmaking. Producers need to have mastery of all sides of filmmaking, and the depth of a bachelor's degree program is a good way to begin developing this mastery. Undergraduates also have access to many top internships and other learning opportunities.
Master's degrees in film and TV production, often Master of Fine Arts degrees, are very popular. Many of the greatest filmmakers and TV producers in Hollywood and around the world earned MFA degrees in film and TV production. Master's students must complete a capstone project, giving them the chance to get hands-on filmmaking experience with teacher feedback. This experience proves invaluable for people just breaking into the industry.
Undergraduate programs in film and TV often request that students submit essays to detail why they are interested in the film industry. Other than that, the only requirements are high school diplomas, transcripts, letters of recommendation, and a general application. Master's programs are more competitive, often asking for resumes detailing any filmmaking experience students may have. Some of the most difficult programs require a sample of a student's work.
Online film and TV production programs do not give students the same resources as traditional programs. While those who attend school on campus have lighting and editing equipment, sets, cameras, actors, and other students to work on projects with, those who earn their degrees online are typically alone. Online students must be very resourceful, dedicated, and committed to get the education they want and build their careers.
There are no official education requirements to work in film and TV, but accredited programs are still recommended. They are usually of the highest quality, and are the most respected in the industry. Anyone who plans to attend graduate school after earning a bachelor's degree must earn a degree from an accredited university. All accredited institutions are catalogued by the US Department of Education.
If you have a passion for aesthetic appeal and enjoy expressing yourself creatively, it's worthwhile to pursue a fine arts degree. This genre encompasses a broad range of areas, including music, dance, visual art, literature, film, and graphics. Graduates of fine arts programs are best suited for careers in architecture, printmaking, theatre, photography, creative writing, filmmaking, and other relevant fields.
Professionals in the fine arts industry can be employed in a variety of settings, such as private studios, academic institutions, galleries, museums, printmaking shops, recording studios, performing arts centers, and design firms. Individuals who want to pursue leadership positions are encouraged to enroll in advanced degree programs to enhance their expertise in a specific craft.
A certificate in fine arts may include basic courses in drawing, photography, painting, and other art forms to develop students' appreciation for fine art. Those in associate degree programs cultivate skills in music, drama, visual art, and digital design. Many people transfer to a bachelor's degree program, which helps them delve deeper into their area of interest by providing courses on the history and subfields of their craft. Students also become familiar with ways to build portfolios that they can present to potential employers.
Master’s degrees in fine arts are comprehensive programs designed to teach individuals the business aspects of their art form and deepen their understanding of how to put theories into practice. Most schools allow students to combine various art forms. For example, those pursuing a Master of Fine Arts (MFA) in sculpture can mix painting and drawing disciplines in their curricula. The culmination of a master's program usually involves students presenting their work to the public.
A PhD in fine arts prepares students to enter careers in postsecondary teaching, research, and consulting. Students are expected to conduct independent research and submit an original dissertation to an advisory board before graduation. Many programs offer assistantships and internship opportunities in order for students to get hands-on training.
The minimum education requirement for most certificate, associate, and bachelor's degrees in fine arts is a high school diploma. However, some competitive programs may ask for ACT and SAT scores or an essay outlining prospective students' intentions. Those entering a master's degree program are usually required to submit undergraduate transcripts, GRE scores, a statement of purpose, letters of recommendation, and a portfolio. Most doctorate programs request reference letters, resumes, portfolios, and a personal statement.
Most degree programs in the fine arts sector cover the same course materials regardless of the type of education an individual receives. Since many programs require hands-on training in studio settings, some online students may periodically meet with instructors and peers to complete some assignments. Most programs also encourage individuals to meet with their teachers regularly to discuss their progress and ways to improve.
Determining which fine arts degree is right for you depends on a number of factors, including your area of interest and how you plan to apply your education to a particular career path. Since the concentrations in the fine arts genre vary largely by location and industry, it's best to check with representatives at your prospective school to ensure the program you enroll in will be relevant to your career path. It's also a good idea to consult with knowledgeable sources if you considering online training, as you'll need to know how often hands-on training in classroom settings may occur.
If you find pleasure in crafting original material, you should consider a career in multimedia design. From short films and websites to video games and virtual reality products, this field encompasses a wide range of content forms that are extremely useful to various audiences. It combines traditional art forms with technology to produce animation, text, audio, film, and still images.
Multimedia design can be applied to education, commercial services, fine arts, and several other industries. This broad profession enables individuals from various backgrounds and art forms to gain work experience, cultivate talent, and enjoy a comfortable lifestyle while pursuing their dreams.
Certificate and associate degree programs in multimedia design target individuals who are interested in learning fundamental concepts in the field. Some associate degree enrollees end up transferring to a bachelor's degree program, which helps develop skills in video and audio technology, interactive media techniques, and graphic design. Students at this level also learn time management skills and how to implement projects. Common courses include instructional design, advanced computer graphics, fundamentals of multimedia, web publishing, digital design, and multimedia production.
A master's degree in multimedia design prepares students for leadership roles in the industry. They enhance skills in digital imaging, web-based media, digital photography, action scripting, sound editing, and the use of various computer applications. Students often balance a variety of software courses with several foundational design classes. Many programs also offer hands-on training experience through internships with partnering companies in the area.
The highest level of education in this field is a doctoral degree. Those who want to commit to a career in research or teaching as it relates to multimedia design are the most likely to enroll in this program. Individuals learn new approaches to infusing multimedia design into classroom curricula, as well as the long-term effects of technology on students. They're expected to submit an original body of research at the end of the program.
The majority of undergraduate programs in multimedia design require students to submit high school standardized test scores and official transcripts to be considered for enrollment. Advanced degree programs typically request undergraduate transcripts, GRE test scores, letters of recommendation, and a statement of intent. In some cases, schools also ask for a portfolio or resume that demonstrates relevant work experience.
There's little difference in the course materials for brick-and-mortar degree programs and web-based programs in this field. Because a large amount of the curriculum deals with hands-on projects that require the use of a computer, many individuals prefer online classes that will allow them to work online at their own pace. Students can still communicate with teachers and peers through a variety of interactive tools, such as email, video conferencing, discussion boards, and chat rooms.
You should consider the kind of job you want in multimedia design before applying to an academic degree program. Investigating potential employers and job responsibilities for the roles that appeal to you will help you determine which degree is right for you. Be sure to take your schedule and circumstances into consideration as well, which will indicate if a traditional or online program is the best fit.
Audio production and recording technicians utilize various forms of equipment to produce sonic tracks. These professionals frequently work with recording artists. Students interested in earning online degrees in this subject can choose to focus on an associate, bachelor’s, or master’s degree. It is possible for students to earn jobs in this field by enrolling in technical training. There is usually a period of on-the-job training required for professionals in this field. Students interested in pursuing these degrees should familiarize themselves with computers and electronics, taking as many classes as they can in these subjects during high school.
The vast majority of audio production and recording technicians with college degrees have associate degrees. These degree programs are frequently found at junior colleges and community colleges, as well as at technical or vocational schools. All associate degree programs contain a liberal arts component where candidates have general education requirements not related to their major. Additional coursework for these degree programs requires students to learn different aspects of hardware and software that are used in recording and production.
Online bachelor’s degree programs in audio production and recording are found at colleges, universities, and technical institutions. Students generally fulfill their liberal arts requirements during the first two years of these programs, and spend the final two years focusing on coursework related to their major. Master’s degree programs in audio production and recording are traditionally offered at colleges and universities. These programs allow students to specialize in a particular aspect of this field. Earning these degrees may help students earn advanced positions in this field.
Students looking to earn associate or bachelor’s degrees will need a high school diploma or its equivalency. Entry into bachelor’s degree programs is more competitive than entry into associate degree programs. Students need to submit their school transcripts and grade point averages for bachelor’s degree programs, as well as essays and possible short-answer question exams. References may also be required. Entry into master’s degree programs in this field is also highly competitive. Candidates generally need to submit the same information that they do for bachelor’s degree programs, with their transcripts reflecting their undergraduate work as well. Students must have a bachelor’s degree before they can enroll in a master’s degree program.
One of the primary differences between earning an online degree in this field versus a traditional one is access to equipment. Students in traditional classroom settings usually have access to the latest technology—both hardware and software—that is needed to work in this industry. Students earning these degrees online may be able to read about and view these varying forms of hardware and software, but they will not be able to touch and interact with them as readily as they could in a classroom environment. It’s usually valuable for students to get hands-on experience working with the equipment they will use within this profession.
There is no singular institution that offers accreditation for audio production and recording degree programs. These programs are accredited at either the regional or the national level by general postsecondary accreditation agencies, such as the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Some specific music production facilities have their own accreditation in conjunction with that of the institution they are a part of. It is considered desirable for students to attend programs that have this form of “double accreditation.”
It is possible to work within the field of audio production and recording without a college degree. To that end, most students may very well be satisfied with an associate degree in this field, which will enable them to get familiar with the equipment they will need to use. Bachelor’s and master’s degrees are recommended for students who wish to obtain jobs in this industry that have a certain amount of prestige, such as positions within corporations or famous recording studios.
- Arts and Design Occupations. Occupational Outlook Handbook. Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor. Accessed August 13, 2014. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/arts-and-design/home.htm.
- Broadcast and Sound Engineering Professionals. Occupational Outlook Handbook. Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor. Accessed August 13, 2014. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/media-and-communication/broadcast-and-sound-engineering-technicians.htm.
- NASAD. Accessed August 14, 2014. http://nasad.arts-accredit.org.
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